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**Walking vs. Running:**
– Walking involves one foot at a time in contact with the ground, while running starts with both feet off the ground.
– The height of the center of mass distinguishes walking from running.
– Walking speed averages around 5.0 km/h, while champion racewalkers can average over 14 km/h.

**Health Benefits of Walking:**
– Regular walking improves confidence, stamina, and energy levels.
– Walking may enhance memory skills and mood.
– Walking for 30-60 minutes a day can significantly improve health.
– Walking reduces mortality rates among individuals with diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

**Evolutionary Perspective on Walking:**
– Walking potentially originated underwater with air-breathing fish.
– Bipedal walking was selectively advantageous for hominin ancestors in terms of energy efficiency.
Human walking gait is unique and more energy-efficient compared to other primates.

**Walking Variants and Techniques:**
Nordic walking, snow shoeing, cross-country skiing, beach walking, and racewalking are popular walking variants.
– Speed walking techniques like power walking and racewalking offer intense fitness stimulation.
– Afghan walking and backward walking engage different muscles and offer unique health benefits.

**Walking in Leisure, Tourism, and Society:**
– Walking is a popular recreational activity with various types like bushwalking, trekking, and hiking.
– Guided walking tours, trekking holidays, and charity walks are popular worldwide.
– Urban planners focus on creating pedestrian-friendly areas for commuting and recreation.
– Organizations like The Ramblers advocate for walkers’ interests, and walking is seen as a sustainable mode of transport.

Walking (Wikipedia)

Walking (also known as ambulation) is one of the main gaits of terrestrial locomotion among legged animals. Walking is typically slower than running and other gaits. Walking is defined by an "inverted pendulum" gait in which the body vaults over the stiff limb or limbs with each step. This applies regardless of the usable number of limbs—even arthropods, with six, eight, or more limbs, walk. In humans, walking has health benefits including improved mental health and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease and death.

Computer simulation of a human walk cycle. In this model the head keeps the same level at all times, whereas the hip follows a sine curve.
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