Land’s End to John o’ Groats

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– History:
– John and Robert Naylor made the first journey from Lands End to John O Groats.
– John Naylor wrote a book titled “From John OGroats to Lands End” in 1916.
– The Naylors were possibly influenced by Elihu Burritt’s books.
– The Naylors resolved to walk the whole distance without any conveyance.
– The journey was to maintain an average of 25 miles per day.

– Methods:
– The route is traversed by walking, cycling, and multi-modal expeditions.
– Trips can be personal or organized as charity fundraisers.
– Celebrities like Ian Botham and Jane Tomlinson have completed the route.
– The route is a rite of passage for cyclists in Britain.
– Various ways to undertake the journey exist.

– The first recorded end-to-end walk was by the Naylors in 1871.
– Walkers have chosen off-road routes since the 1960s.
– Off-road walkers typically take two to three months to complete the journey.
– Walkers have a choice of off-road routes, usually over 1,200 miles.
– Some walkers complete the route in stages over several years.

– Routes:
– There is no continuous long-distance path from Lands End to John o Groats.
– Walkers follow long-distance paths for sections and connect them by rights of way and minor roads.
– Common routes include the South West Coast Path and Macmillan Way West.
– Walkers can choose an eastern or western route to the Peak District.
– Various paths like the Cotswold Way and the Staffordshire Way are part of the journey.

– Distance and Routes:
– The traditional road distance is 874 miles, taking cyclists 10 to 14 days.
– Off-road walkers cover about 1,200 miles and take two to three months.
– The straight-line distance is 603 miles but passes over stretches of water.
– Shortest road routes vary from 814 to 847 miles using classified roads.
– A popular route includes stops at Bodmin, Tiverton, Stirling, and Inverness.

Land's End to John o' Groats is the traversal of the length of the island of Great Britain between two extremities, in the southwest and northeast. The traditional distance by road is 874 miles (1,407 km) and takes most cyclists 10 to 14 days; the record for running the route is nine days. Off-road walkers typically walk about 1,200 miles (1,900 km) and take two or three months for the expedition. Signposts indicate the traditional distance at each end.

  • Land's End is the traditionally acknowledged extreme western point of mainland England. It is in western Cornwall at the end of the Penwith peninsula. The O.S. Grid Reference of the road end is SW342250, Postcode TR19 7AA. In fact it, or strictly speaking Dr Syntax's Head, SW341253, a few hundred yards NW of the road end, is mainland England's most westerly point. The most southerly point is Lizard Point, about 9 miles (14 km) further south. Land's End is sometimes reckoned incorrectly as mainland Great Britain's most southwesterly point. This accolade belongs to Gwennap Head, SW365215, which is at least 2 miles (3.2 km) further south than Dr Syntax's Head but only about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) less west.
  • John o' Groats is the traditionally acknowledged extreme northern point of mainland Scotland, in northeastern Caithness, O.S. Grid Reference ND380735, Postcode KW1 4YR. The actual northernmost point is Dunnet Head about 2 miles (3 km) further north. The point that is farthest by road from Land's End is Duncansby Head, about 2 miles (3 km) east of John o' Groats. Duncansby Head is also the most northeasterly point of the British mainland.
Signpost at Land's End
Signpost at John o' Groats
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Land's End
Land's End
John o' Groats
John o' Groats

The straight-line distance from Land's End to John o' Groats is 603 miles (970 km) as determined from O.S. Grid References,[citation needed] but such a route passes over a series of stretches of water in the Irish Sea.

According to a 1964 road atlas, the shortest route using classified roads was 847 miles (1,363 km) but in a 2008 road atlas, the shortest route using classified roads was 838 miles (1,349 km).[citation needed] An online route planner in 2021 also calculated the quickest route by road as 837 miles (1,347 km), estimating a time of 14 hours 50 minutes for the journey (this uses the A30, M5, M6, A74(M), M74, M73, M80, M9, A9 & A99) but the overall shortest route by road, using minor roads in numerous places and utilising modern bridges, is only about 814 miles (1,310 km).[citation needed] This route is roughly as follows: Land's End, Bodmin, Okehampton, Tiverton, Taunton, Bridgwater, the M5 Avon Bridge, the M48 Severn Bridge, Monmouth, Hereford, Shrewsbury, Tarporley, St Helens, Preston, Carlisle, Beattock, Carstairs, Whitburn, Falkirk, Stirling, Crieff, Kenmore, Dalchalloch, A9, Inverness, Kessock Bridge, Cromarty Bridge, Dornoch Firth Bridge, Latheron, Wick, John o' Groats.

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