Nordic walking

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History:
– Nordic walking was formally defined in 1979 by Mauri Repo.
– The concept was developed based on off-season ski-training activity.
– Hikers and backpackers used ski poles before dedicated Nordic walking poles.
– Exerstrider produced the first fitness walking poles in 1988.
– Exel coined and popularized the term “Nordic Walking” in 1999.

Benefits:
– Nordic walking engages more muscle groups than regular walking.
– It can increase energy consumption by up to 46%.
– Studies show it leads to significant reductions in BMI and waist circumference.
– Nordic walking group experienced reductions in body fat and increased aerobic capacity.
– Harvard Medical School confirms it burns more calories than regular walking.

Equipment:
– Nordic walking poles are shorter than those for cross-country skiing.
– Poles come in one-piece or telescoping versions.
– Grips and wrist-straps vary, with some poles having removable rubber tips.
– Materials used include aluminum, carbon fiber, and composites.
– Special shoes are not required, though some are marketed for Nordic walking.

Technique:
– Arm, leg, and body cadences are similar to vigorous walking.
– Arm movement regulates stride length and pelvic motion.
– Longer pole thrusts result in longer strides and more powerful torso swings.

International Nordic Walking Federation Region Members:
– Australia: Nordic Walking Australia.
China: Hangzhou Nordic Gull Sports Development Co., Ltd.

Nordic walking (Wikipedia)

Nordic walking is a Finnish-origin total-body version of walking that can be done both by non-athletes as a health-promoting physical activity and by athletes as a sport. The activity is performed with specially designed walking poles similar to ski poles.

Nordic walking group
Nordic walkers in Hyde Park, London during the 2011 International Nordic Walking Federation Convention
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