Transport

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Modes of Transport:
– Transport can involve one mode or multiple modes (inter-modal or multi-modal)
– Each mode has its own advantages, disadvantages, and selection criteria
– Governments regulate vehicle operations, financing, legalities, and policies
– Passenger transport can be public or private, while freight transport focuses on containerization

Human and Animal-Powered Transport:
Human-powered transport uses human muscle-power for moving people or goods
– Popular for cost-saving, leisure, exercise, and environmental reasons
– Animal-powered transport uses working animals to move people and goods
– Animals can be ridden directly, used as pack animals, or harnessed to pull vehicles
– Essential in underdeveloped or inaccessible regions

Air and Land Transport:
– Fixed-wing aircraft generate lift through air movement over wings
Aviation is a fast transport method, with commercial jets reaching high speeds
– Land transport links communities and plays a vital role in urban planning
Rail transport uses parallel steel rails for trains to operate
– Road transport involves identifiable routes for vehicles to travel between places

Water Transport and Other Modes:
– Water transport uses watercraft like barges, boats, ships, or sailboats over bodies of water
– Modern sea transport is efficient for moving large quantities of goods
– Pipeline transport sends goods through pipes, commonly for liquid and gases
– Cable transport uses cables to pull vehicles, mainly at steep gradients
– Spaceflight is transport outside Earth’s atmosphere by spacecraft

Transport Elements and Impacts:
– Infrastructure includes roadways, terminals, and facilities for vehicle operation
– Vehicles are non-living devices used to move people and goods
– Policy enforces order in chaotic transport to reduce accidents
– Transport is a major use of energy burning most of the world’s petroleum
– Sustainable transport is essential for achieving the Paris Agreement and aligns with various Sustainable Development Goals.

Transport (Wikipedia)

Transport (in British English) or transportation (in American English) is the intentional movement of humans, animals, and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, land (rail and road), water, cable, pipelines, and space. The field can be divided into infrastructure, vehicles, and operations. Transport enables human trade, which is essential for the development of civilizations.

Transport infrastructure consists of both fixed installations, including roads, railways, airways, waterways, canals, and pipelines, and terminals such as airports, railway stations, bus stations, warehouses, trucking terminals, refueling depots (including fuel docks and fuel stations), and seaports. Terminals may be used both for the interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance.

Means of transport are any of the different kinds of transport facilities used to carry people or cargo. They may include vehicles, riding animals, and pack animals. Vehicles may include wagons, automobiles, bicycles, buses, trains, trucks, helicopters, watercraft, spacecraft, and aircraft.

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