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**History of Overlanding**:
– Overlanding historically involved droving livestock long distances to open new country or reach distant markets.
– Alfred Canning opened the Canning Stock Route between 1906 and 1910 in Australia.
– Len Beadell played a significant role in opening up the Australian Outback with road construction in the 1940s and 1950s.
– Overlanding with mechanized transport began in the mid-20th century with the availability of four-wheel-drive trucks.
– Early pioneers like John Weston in the 1920s traveled long distances in unsophisticated vehicles.

**Modern Overlanding**:
– Overlanding has become increasingly popular, influenced by events like the Camel Trophy.
– Annual meetings for overlanders are held, facilitated by online platforms for information exchange and planning.
– Many overlanders prioritize preparing their vehicles for the journey.
– Countries like the U.S., South Africa, and Australia have industries focused on producing accessories for overland travel.
– Some overlanders prefer customizing their vehicles for the experience.

**Commercial Overlanding**:
– Commercial overland travel started in the late 1960s, offering tours in specially equipped trucks, mainly in Africa.
– These journeys could last for months and often involved passenger participation in food preparation and setting up camp.
– The Truck Surf Hotel is an innovative overlanding vehicle that expands into a two-story hotel when stationary.
– Commercial overlanding has expanded globally, with routes covering various continents.
– The ultimate adventure was the journey from Europe to Cape Town in South Africa.

**Modes of Overland Travel**:
– **Rail**:
– The Trans-Siberian Railway is one of the longest overland journeys, covering 9,288km.
– The Indian Pacific railway in Australia links Sydney and Perth over 4,343km.
– Japan’s Tōkaidō Shinkansen and France’s TGV have revolutionized rail travel with high-speed trains.
– **Road**:
– The Silk Route historically connected Mediterranean countries, Persia, India, and China.
– Modern Silk Route journeys between Europe and China offer northern and southern routes.

**Overland Routes**:
– **Trans Africa**:
– The Cairo to Cape Town route spans over 10,000km, passing through multiple African countries.
– Commercial routes from Reykjavik, Iceland to Cape Town, South Africa are among the longest.
– The traditional Trans Africa route has become increasingly popular despite past challenges in certain regions.
– **Historical Overland Routes**:
– Commercial overland travel in Africa began with Trans Africa and Cape to Cairo routes in the 1970s.
– The usual route included crossing the Sahara desert into Niger and traveling through Zaire to Kenya.
– Political instability and border closures have altered the traditional route.
– The current trend is for trucks to travel from Morocco to Cape Town, passing through Angola.
– The journey now extends from Cape Town to Nairobi and Cairo.
– **Alternative Overland Routes**:
– Nairobi to Cape Town is now the most popular overland route in Africa.
– Shorter sections of overland routes are available, like the round trip from Nairobi to Kenya and Uganda.
– Istanbul to Cairo via Syria and Jordan is a classic overland route with historical significance.
– Backpackers have been traveling the Istanbul to Cairo route since the 1970s and 1980s.
– The route from Jerusalem to Cairo became accessible after the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel.

Overlanding (Wikipedia)

Overlanding or 4WD Touring is self-reliant overland travel to remote destinations where the journey is the principal goal. Typically, but not exclusively, it is accomplished with mechanized off-road capable transport (from bicycles to trucks) where the principal form of lodging is camping, often lasting for extended lengths of time (months to years) and spanning international boundaries.

Unimog based 6x6 overlanding capable RV
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