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**History of Skiing:**
– Skiing has a history of almost five millennia.
– Debate exists on whether skiing was practiced over 100 centuries ago in China.
– The word ski comes from the Old Norse word skíð.
– Asymmetrical skis were used in northern Finland and Sweden until the late 19th century.
– Skiing was primarily used for transport until the mid-19th century.

**Types of Skiing:**
– **Alpine Skiing:**
– Takes place on a piste at a ski resort.
– Fixed-heel bindings attach at both the toe and heel of the skiers boot.
– Alpine Touring setups use specialized bindings for back-country travel.
– **Nordic Skiing:**
– Includes cross-country skiing and ski jumping.
– Bindings attach at the toes of the skiers boots but not at the heels.
Cross-country skiing may be practiced on groomed trails or in backcountry areas.

**Skiing Competition:**
Cross-country skiing encompasses various race formats and events.
– Ski jumping is contested at various world cups and championships.
– Freeriding skiing involves skiing on non-groomed terrain.
– Nordic combined combines cross-country skiing and ski jumping.
– Alpine skiing includes various events like downhill, slalom, and giant slalom.

**Skiing Equipment:**
– Alpine skiing equipment includes skis, boots, bindings, and poles.
– Nordic skiing equipment includes skis, bindings, boots, and poles.
– Telemark skiing equipment is similar to Nordic skiing but with raised heels for turns.
– Freestyle skiing equipment varies based on the discipline.
Snowboarding equipment includes a snowboard, bindings, boots, and protective gear.

**Skiing Techniques:**
– Alpine skiing techniques involve turning, stopping, and controlling speed.
– Nordic skiing techniques include diagonal stride and double poling.
– Telemark skiing techniques focus on the free heel for turning.
– Freestyle skiing techniques include jumps, spins, and flips.
Snowboarding techniques involve carving, jumps, and tricks.

Skiing (Wikipedia)

Skiing is the use of skis to glide on snow. Variations of purpose include basic transport, a recreational activity, or a competitive winter sport. Many types of competitive skiing events are recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and the International Ski and Snowboard Federation (FIS).

Alpine skiers
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