Winter sports

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History:
– Winter sports evolved from transportation means like sledges, skis, and skates
– St. Moritz in the European Alps became a popular winter resort in 1864
– Early Olympics lacked clear separation between summer and winter games
– Some winter sports like ice hockey and speed skating shifted indoors in the mid-20th century
– Climate change poses a threat to outdoor winter sports in the future

List of winter sports:
– Winter sports include a variety of individual and team activities
– Common individual sports are cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, and snowboarding
– Popular team sports include ice hockey, curling, and bandy
– Winter sports have their own multi-sport events like the Winter Olympic Games
– Ice hockey is the most popular winter team sport globally

Ice skating:
Ice skating sports include figure skating, short-track speed skating, and speed skating

Skiing:
Skiing activities range from alpine skiing to snowmobiling
– Winter sports like biathlon combine skiing and shooting
Skiing is a popular winter activity in various countries
Skiing events are featured in the Winter Olympic Games
Skiing resorts cater to tourists seeking winter sports experiences

Sources:
– Various books have been published on the history and techniques of winter sports
– The development and evolution of winter sports have been documented in literature
– Winter sports have a rich history spanning thousands of years
– Winter sports guides and manuals provide insights into different activities
– Online resources offer information on winter sports terminology and techniques

Winter sports (Wikipedia)

Winter sports or winter activities are competitive sports or non-competitive recreational activities which are played on snow or ice. Most are variations of skiing, ice skating and sledding. Traditionally, such games were only played in cold areas during winter, but artificial snow and artificial ice allow more flexibility. Playing areas and fields consist of either snow or ice.

Several winter sports. Left to right, top to bottom: bobsleigh, curling, figure skating, ice hockey, skiing, and snowboarding

Artificial ice can be used to provide ice rinks for ice skating, ice hockey, para ice hockey, ringette, broomball, bandy, rink bandy, rinkball, and spongee in a milder climate. The sport of speed skating uses a frozen circular track of ice, but in some facilities the track is combined in an enclosed area used for sports requiring an ice rink or the rink itself is used. Alternatively, ice cross downhill uses a track with various levels of elevation and a combination of bends. Long distance skating (a.k.a. "marathon skating") such as tour skating is only performed outdoors and uses the available natural ice from frozen lakes, ponds, and marshes. Tour skating at times includes speed skaters, though tour skates are more common.

Common individual sports include cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, snowboarding, ski jumping, speed skating, figure skating, luge, skeleton, bobsleigh, ski orienteering and snowmobiling.

Common team sports include ice hockey, ringette, broomball (on either an indoor ice rink, or an outdoor ice rink or field of snow), curling, rinkball, and bandy. Based on the number of participants, ice hockey is the world's most popular winter team sport, followed by bandy.

Winter sports at times have their own multi-sport events, such as the Winter Olympic Games and the Winter Universiade.

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