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**History and Development of Snowboarding:**
– Sherman Poppen invented the first snowboard in 1965.
– Tom Sims and Jake Burton Carpenter pioneered modern snowboarding in the 1960s.
– Jake Burton Carpenter founded Burton Snowboards in 1977.
– Snowboarding competitions began in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
– The first World Cup for snowboarding was held in Austria in 1985.
– Snowboarding became an official Olympic event in 1998.
– The International Snowboard Federation (ISF) was founded in 1990.
– High-profile events like the Winter X Games and US Open are broadcast worldwide.

**Equipment Evolution and Styles in Snowboarding:**
– Early snowboards were made of wood with water ski foot traps.
– Burton Snowboards popularized bindings for securing feet to the board.
– Snowboarding equipment evolved with specialized bindings and boots.
– Common styles include freeride, freestyle, and freecarve/race.
– Each style has its own specialized equipment and techniques.
– Freeride involves off-trail riding, freestyle focuses on tricks, and freecarve/race emphasizes carving turns.
– Alpine snowboarding is a discipline focused on groomed pistes and has been an Olympic event since 1998.

**Snowboarding Statistics and Participation:**
– In 2004, snowboarding had 6.6 million active participants.
– Women constituted 25% of snowboarding participants.
– In the 2009–2010 season, there were 8.2 million snowboarders in the US and Canada.
– Snowboarding accounted for more than 30% of all snow sports participants.
– Adaptive snowboarding debuted as a medal event in the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games.

**Snowboarding Subculture and Safety Precautions:**
– Snowboarding culture emerged as a rebellion against skiing culture.
– Snowboarders incorporated punk and hip-hop styles into their culture.
– Common injuries include wrist injuries, knee injuries, fractures, and head/spinal injuries.
– Wrist guards are recommended to prevent injuries.
– Snowboarders have a higher risk of fractures compared to skiers.
– Beginners and less experienced riders are more prone to injuries.

**Competitions, Events, and Media in Snowboarding:**
– Olympic snowboarding events include big air, halfpipe, and more.
– Snowboarder Magazine’s Superpark event showcases top pros.
– USASA offers grassroots-level competitions for aspiring athletes.
– Snowboarding magazines promote the sport and cover various events.
– Snowboarding video games offer interactive entertainment and contribute to the sport’s popularity.

Snowboarding (Wikipedia)

Snowboarding is a recreational and competitive activity that involves descending a snow-covered surface while standing on a snowboard that is almost always attached to a rider's feet. It features in the Winter Olympic Games and Winter Paralympic Games.

A snowboarder making a turn in fresh snow
First played1979, Muskegon, Michigan, US
EquipmentSnowboard, bindings, boots

Snowboarding was developed in the United States, inspired by skateboarding, sledding, surfing, and skiing. It became popular around the world and was introduced as a Winter Olympic Sport at Nagano in 1998 and featured in the Winter Paralympics at Sochi in 2014. As of 2015, its popularity (as measured by equipment sales) in the United States peaked in 2007 and has been in a decline since.

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