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**Geography and Climate**:
– Ushuaia is the southernmost city in the world.
– Located on Ushuaia Bay at 6 meters above sea level.
– Surrounded by the Andes Fueguinos to the west, north, and east.
– Only city accessed from the country by crossing the Andes mountain range.
– Climate is ocean-moderated subpolar with cool conditions year-round.
– Ushuaia has a subpolar oceanic climate.
– Temperatures range from 1.3°C in July to 9.7°C in January.
– Receives 146 days of precipitation annually.
– Humid climate with 77% average humidity.
– Snow is common in winter and occasionally in summer.

– The Selknam people arrived in Tierra del Fuego about 10,000 years ago.
– Ushuaia was informally founded by British missionaries.
– The first European to live in Ushuaia was Waite Hockin Stirling.
– The first house in Ushuaia was constructed in 1870.
– The city grew around a prison established in 1896.
– Ushuaia was home to a prison turned into a naval base.
– The prison was closed in 1947 due to reports of abuse.
– Ushuaia’s prison became a museum in the early 1990s.
– The naval base was active during the Falklands War.
– A memorial for the Argentine cruiser ARA General Belgrano is located in Ushuaia.

– Ushuaia’s economy is based on tourism, fishing, and government services.
– The city is a popular cruise ship destination.
– The penal colony established in Ushuaia contributed to its early economy.
– Ushuaia is known for its unique souvenirs and duty-free shopping.
– The city’s strategic location near Antarctica attracts scientific research expeditions.
– Ushuaia’s industrial sector is led by the Grundig Renacer electronics factory.
– The city boasts one of the largest industrial sectors in Patagonia.

– Ushuaia is a popular tourist destination known for its natural beauty.
– The city serves as a gateway to Antarctica.
– Tourists can explore the Beagle Channel and Tierra del Fuego National Park.
– Ushuaia offers various outdoor activities like hiking, skiing, and wildlife watching.
– The city attracts visitors with its unique blend of culture, history, and adventure opportunities.
– Tourist attractions include Tierra del Fuego National Park and Lapataia Bay.
– End of the World Train offers access to the park from Ushuaia.
– Ushuaia features a museum showcasing its history as a prison colony.
Wildlife attractions include local birds, penguins, seals, and orcas.
– Daily tours to Harberton, Les Eclaireurs Lighthouse, and Bridges family compound are available.

– Ushuaia has a diverse cultural heritage influenced by indigenous peoples and European settlers.
– The city hosts cultural events, music festivals, and art exhibitions.
– Ushuaia is known for its museums, including the Maritime Museum and the End of the World Museum.
– The cuisine in Ushuaia features seafood, lamb, and traditional Argentine dishes.
– The city’s architecture reflects a mix of indigenous and European styles.
– Ushuaia hosts the Bienal de Arte Contemporáneo del Fin del Mundo since 2007.
– The Biennial gathers artists from five continents.
– The event encourages thinking about a better world through art.
– The motto of the Biennial is ‘think at the End of the World that another world is possible’.

Ushuaia (Wikipedia)

Ushuaia (/ˈsw.ə/ oo-SWY, Spanish: [uˈswaja]) is the capital of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province, Argentina. With a population of 82,615 and a location below the 54th parallel south latitude, Ushuaia claims the title of world's southernmost city.

Martial Glacier
Martial Glacier
"Ushuaia, fin del mundo, principio de todo"  (Spanish)
"Ushuaia, end of the world, beginning of everything"
Ushuaia is located in Tierra del Fuego and Isla de los Estados
Ushuaia is located in Argentina
Coordinates: 54°48′7″S 68°18′11″W / 54.80194°S 68.30306°W / -54.80194; -68.30306
Country Argentina
Province Tierra del Fuego
Founded12 October 1884
Founded byAugusto Lasserre
 • TypeMunicipality
 • MayorWalter Vuoto
 • Total23 km2 (9 sq mi)
23 m (75 ft)
 (2022 Census)
 • Total82,615
 • Density3,600/km2 (9,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
CPA Base
V 9410
Area code+54 2901

Ushuaia is located in a wide bay on the southern coast of Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, bounded on the north by the Martial mountain range and on the south by the Beagle Channel. It is the only municipality in the Department of Ushuaia, which has an area of 9,390 km2 (3,625 sq mi). It was founded on 12 October 1884, by Augusto Lasserre and is located on the shores of the Beagle Channel surrounded by the mountain range of the Martial Glacier, in the Bay of Ushuaia. Besides being an administrative center, it is a light industrial port and tourist hub. Ushuaia is located roughly 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) from the Antarctic Peninsula and is one of five internationally recognized Antarctic gateway cities.

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