Gobi Desert

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– The Gobi Desert measures 1,600km from southwest to northeast and 800km from north to south.
– It extends from the Pamirs to the Greater Khingan Mountains and from Altay to Kunlun mountains.
– Some consider the western area a separate desert called Taklamakan.
– Includes areas of exposed bare rock.

– The Gobi Desert is a cold desert with frost and occasional snow.
– Located 910–1,520m above sea level.
– Average rainfall of about 194mm annually.
– Temperatures range from -40°C in winter to 45°C in summer.
– Extreme temperature changes up to 35°C in 24 hours.

**Conservation, Ecology, and Economy**:
– Source of significant fossil finds including first dinosaur eggs.
– Sustains unique animal species like Gobi bears and snow leopards.
– Shrubs like gray sparrows saltwort and sagebrush are common.
– Nature reserves like Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park established.
– Vulnerable to trampling by livestock and off-road vehicles.

– Gobi Desert expanding through desertification.
– Rapid expansion on the southern edge into China.
– 3,600km of grassland overtaken every year.
– Dust storms increased in frequency between 1996 and 2016.
– Causing damage to China’s landscapes.

**History and Exploration**:
– Known for important fossil finds like dinosaur eggs.
– Nemegt Basin in the northwestern part noted for fossil treasures.
– Unique animal species like Gobi bears and snow leopards inhabit the region.
– Vegetation mainly consists of shrubs adapted to drought.
– Large copper deposits being mined by Rio Tinto Group.

Gobi Desert (Wikipedia)

The Gobi Desert (Mongolian: Говь, ᠭᠣᠪᠢ, /ˈɡbi/; Chinese: 戈壁; pinyin: gēbì) is a large, cold desert and grassland region in northern China and southern Mongolia and is the sixth largest desert in the world. The name of the desert comes from the Mongolian word Gobi, used to refer to all of the waterless regions in the Mongolian Plateau, while in Chinese Gobi is used to refer to rocky, semi-deserts such as the Gobi itself rather than sandy deserts.

Gobi Desert
Length1,500 km (930 mi)
Width800 km (500 mi)
Area1,295,000 km2 (500,000 sq mi)
Native name
RegionInner Mongolia
Coordinates42°35′N 103°26′E / 42.59°N 103.43°E / 42.59; 103.43
Gobi Desert
Chinese name
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicГовь
Mongolian scriptᠭᠣᠪᠢ
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