Relay race

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**Rules and Strategy in Relay Races:**
– Runners must hand off the baton within a designated zone marked by triangles on the track.
– Sprint relays use a blind handoff technique, while middle-distance relays involve runners jogging and looking back for the incoming runner.
– Disqualification from a relay can occur for various reasons.
– Setting up a relay team typically follows a strategy of second-fastest, third-fastest, slowest, then fastest.

**Types and Formats of Relay Races:**
– Common relay distances in athletics include 4x100m and 4x400m, with mixed-gender relays introduced in various competitions.
– Unique relay formats like 2x2x400m and shuttle hurdles mixed relays exist.
– Different strokes are used in medley swimming relays, which include freestyle and medley relays at the Olympics.
– Long-distance relays typically have 5 to 36 legs, with legs usually between 5 and 10km long.

**Significance and History of Relay Races:**
– Relay races are common in sports like running, swimming, and cross-country skiing, fostering team spirit and often resulting in faster times than individual races.
– In the Olympics, relay races are part of track and field events, with medley relays involving different distances covered by team members.
– Mixed-gendered relays have been introduced in recent championships to enhance inclusivity and excitement.

**Major Relay Events and Competitions:**
– The Norwegian Holmenkollstafetten is the largest relay event with thousands of teams, while the Penn Relays, Drake Relays, and Texas Relays are significant relay events in the USA.
– Various other major relay events attract enthusiastic crowds, especially during exciting final legs.
– Relay events in swimming and athletics have specific rules and requirements to ensure fair competition, with world records having specific criteria related to team nationality.

**Relay Races in Various Sports:**
Cross-country skiing relay races at the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships feature teams of four skiers completing specific distances.
– Biathlon relay races involve mass starts with teams of four biathletes completing set distances.
Orienteering relays like Tiomila in Sweden and Jukola and Venla relay in Finland have specific age and gender distribution requirements.
– Other sports like triathlon, track cycling, road cycling, and mountain biking also feature relay races at major championships and events.

Relay race (Wikipedia)

A relay race is a racing competition where members of a team take turns completing parts of racecourse or performing a certain action. Relay races take the form of professional races and amateur games. Relay races are common in running, orienteering, swimming, cross-country skiing, biathlon, or ice skating (usually with a baton in the fist). In the Olympic Games, there are several types of relay races that are part of track and field. Relay race, also called Relay, is a track-and-field sport consisting of a set number of stages (legs), usually four, each leg run by different members of a team. The runner finishing one leg is usually required to pass the next runner a stick-like object known as a "baton" while both are running in a marked exchange zone. In most relays, team members cover equal distances: Olympic events for both men and women are the 400-metre (4 × 100-metre) and 1,600-metre (4 × 400-metre) relays. Some non-Olympic relays are held at distances of 800 m, 3,200 m, and 6,000 m. In the less frequently run medley relays, however, the athletes cover different distances in a prescribed order—as in a sprint medley of 200, 200, 400, 800 metres or a distance medley of 1,200, 400, 800, 1,600 metres.

World Orienteering Championship 2008 gold medal winners in relay
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