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**History and Origins of Scouting:**
– Triggered by the 1908 publication of

Scouting for Boys

by Robert Baden-Powell.
– Founded in 1907 on Brownsea Island with the introduction of the Patrol System.
– Influenced by Baden-Powell’s military experiences in British India and Southern Rhodesia.
– Inspired by American scout Frederick Russell Burnham.
– Key figures include Baden-Powell and Ernest Thompson Seton.
– First experimental camp had 21 boys from diverse backgrounds.

**Expansion and Global Reach:**
– Scouting and Guiding had over 38 million members in 2007 across 216 countries.
– Key umbrella organizations include WOSM, WAGGGS, Boy Scouts, and Girl Guides.
– Programs like Wolf Cubs and Rovers were introduced.
– Girl Guides originated in the UK and spread globally.
– Rapid growth in popularity and spread to various countries.
– Focused on attracting diverse youth and fostering global unity.

**Uniform, Insignia, and Values:**
– Scout uniform promotes equality and a sense of belonging.
– Key elements include neckerchief, campaign hat, fleur-de-lis, and trefoil.
– Merit badges and patches symbolize accomplishments.
– Insignia represent values and achievements.
– Values promoted include loyalty, service, respect for nature, self-reliance, honesty, and preparedness.

**Activities and Impact on Youth:**
– Scout method emphasizes practical outdoor activities like camping, woodcraft, aquatics, hiking, and sports.
– Promotes teamwork, leadership, and self-reliance.
Outdoor experiences foster personal growth, character development, and social skills.
– Encourages community service and environmental conservation initiatives.
– Positive influence on character, physical activity, community involvement, and leadership abilities.

**Significant Events and Publications:**
– 1908 Lookwide camp at Fourstones near Humshaugh promoted outdoor activities.
– Publication of

Scouting for Boys

outlined Scout activities and programs aimed at character development.
– Expansion of Scouting movement led to rapid growth and attracted diverse youth.
– Impact of Scouting on youth includes character development, social skills, physical activity, community involvement, and leadership abilities.

Scouting (Wikipedia)

Scouting, also known as the Scout Movement, is a worldwide youth social movement employing the Scout method, a program of informal education with an emphasis on practical outdoor activities, including camping, woodcraft, aquatics, hiking, backpacking, and sports. Another widely recognized movement characteristic is the Scout uniform, by intent hiding all differences of social standing in a country and encouraging equality, with neckerchief and campaign hat or comparable headwear. Distinctive uniform insignia include the fleur-de-lis and the trefoil, as well as merit badges and other patches.

United Kingdom (origin)
Founded1907, Brownsea Island
FounderRobert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
 Scouting portal

In 1907, Robert Baden-Powell, a lieutenant general in the British Army held a Scouting encampment on Brownsea Island in England. Baden-Powell wrote Scouting for Boys (London, 1908), partly based on his earlier military books. The Scout Movement of both Boy Scouts and Girl Guides (renamed to Girl Scouts in some countries) was well established in the first decade of the twentieth century. Later, programs for younger children, such as Wolf Cubs (1916), now Cubs, and for older adolescents, such as Rovers (1918), were adopted by some Scout organizations. In 1910, Baden-Powell formed the Girl Guides, for girls in the United Kingdom which spread internationally as Girl Guides and includes age programs of (Brownie Guide, Girl Guide and Girl Scout, Ranger Guide).

In 2007, Scouting and Guiding together had over 38 million members in 216 countries. International umbrella organizations include: World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM), for boys-only and co-educational organizations: World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS), primarily for girls-only organizations but also accepting co-educational organizations, World Federation of Independent Scouts, World Organization of Independent Scouts, Order of World Scouts, International Union of Guides and Scouts of Europe, and Confederation of European Scouts.

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