Motorcycle

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**1. Motorcycle Types:**
– Major types: Street, off-road, and dual-purpose motorcycles
– Various sub-types for different purposes within each major type
– Racing counterparts for each type (e.g., road racing, motocross)
– Specific street bike types: cruisers, sportbikes, scooters, mopeds
– Off-road motorcycles designed for dirt-oriented racing, not street legal in most areas

**2. Motorcycle History and Invention:**
– First internal combustion motorcycle: Daimler Reitwagen (1885)
– Notable early models: Butler Petrol Cycle, Orient-Aster
– Excluded types: steam-powered, electric, diesel motorcycles
– Early manufacturers: Excelsior Motor Company, Triumph Motorcycles
– Pioneering inventions and designs in motorcycle history

**3. Global Impact and Statistics:**
– Approximately 58.6 million new motorcycles sold globally in 2021
– Top motorcycle producers: Honda, Yamaha, Kawasaki, Suzuki
– Distribution of motorcycles: 58% in Asia-Pacific and Southern and Eastern Asia
– Utilitarian role in developing countries due to affordability and fuel economy
– Higher motorcycle fatalities per mile traveled compared to cars

**4. Motorcycle Evolution and Industry Today:**
– Dominant manufacturers in the 21st century: Indian, Japanese companies
– Market significance of smaller capacity motorcycles, especially under 300cc
– Notable models and achievements in recent motorcycle industry
– Leading manufacturers like Hero MotoCorp, Bajaj, TVS Motors
– Technological advancements in modern motorcycle construction and design

**5. Safety, Regulations, and Environmental Impact:**
– Importance of wearing helmets for reducing risks in motorcycle crashes
– Safety education programs and compulsory training courses in various countries
– Environmental considerations: low fuel consumption, emissions concerns
– Emission standards in the US, Europe, and specific countries like Vietnam
– Legal definitions, restrictions, and controversies surrounding motorcycles

Motorcycle (Wikipedia)

A motorcycle (motorbike, bike, or, if three-wheeled, a trike) is a two or three-wheeled motor vehicle steered by a handlebar from a saddle-style seat.

A classic Norton motorcycle
1952 Lambretta 125 D scooter

Motorcycle design varies greatly to suit a range of different purposes: long-distance travel, commuting, cruising, sport (including racing), and off-road riding. Motorcycling is riding a motorcycle and being involved in other related social activities such as joining a motorcycle club and attending motorcycle rallies.

The 1885 Daimler Reitwagen made by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Germany was the first internal combustion, petroleum-fueled motorcycle. In 1894, Hildebrand & Wolfmüller became the first series production motorcycle.

Globally, motorcycles are comparably popular to cars as a method of transport. In 2021, approximately 58.6 million new motorcycles were sold around the world, fewer than the 66.7 million cars sold over the same period.

In 2022, the top four motorcycle producers by volume and type were Honda, Yamaha, Kawasaki, and Suzuki. In developing countries, motorcycles are considered utilitarian due to lower prices and greater fuel economy. Of all the motorcycles in the world, 58% are in the Asia-Pacific and Southern and Eastern Asia regions, excluding car-centric Japan.[citation needed]

According to the US Department of Transportation, the number of fatalities per vehicle mile traveled was 37 times higher for motorcycles than for cars.

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