List of circumnavigations

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**Historical Circumnavigations:**
– Juan Sebastián Elcano led the survivors of Ferdinand Magellan’s Spanish expedition to complete the first circumnavigation in 1522.
– Andrés de Urdaneta and other survivors completed the second world circumnavigation in 1536.
– Francis Drake completed the second English circumnavigation in 1580.
– Martín Ignacio de Loyola circumnavigated the world eastwards in 1584.
– Gemelli Careri became the first tourist to circumnavigate the globe in 1698.
– Jacques Mahu’s expedition in 1598 resulted in only one ship returning.
– Willem Schouten and Jacob Le Maire discovered Cape Horn in 1617.
– Admiral Jacques l’Hermite’s expedition in 1626 was westward from Holland.
– William Dampier produced the first maps of the Galapagos Islands in 1691.
– George Anson circumnavigated the world in HMS Centurion from 1740 to 1744.

**Explorers and Expeditions – 17th to 18th Century:**
– Francesco Carletti travelled across the American continent overland in 1602.
– Joris van Spilbergen circumnavigated the world from 1614 to 1617.
– Pedro Cubero completed the first maritime circumnavigation with significant overland travel in 1679.
– William Dampier and Ambrose Cowley produced the first maps of the Galapagos Islands from 1679 to 1691.
– Gemelli Careri was the first tourist to circumnavigate the globe in 1698.
– William Funnell circumnavigated the world from 1703 to 1706.
– Woodes Rogers rescued Alexander Selkirk in 1709.
– Louis de Bougainville’s expedition from 1766 to 1769 had Jeanne Baré, the first woman to circumnavigate the globe.
– George Vancouver participated in multiple circumnavigations before commanding the Vancouver Expedition in 1791.

**Notable Circumnavigations – 19th to Early 20th Century:**
– Adam Johann von Krusenstern and Yuri Lisyansky completed the first Russian circumnavigation from 1803 to 1806.
– John DeWolf was the first American to travel overland across Siberia from 1804 to 1808.
– Hippolyte Bouchard completed the first Argentine circumnavigation from 1817 to 1819.
– Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discovered Antarctica during their 1819-1821 expedition.
– USS Vincennes circumnavigated the globe from 1826 to 1830, visiting Hawaii and Macau.
– HMS Beagle; 1831–1836; with Charles Darwin.
– USS Constitution; May 1844 – September 1846; commanded by Captain John Percival.
– HMS Driver; 1845–1847; first steamship circumnavigation.
– First Galathea expedition; 1845–1847; first Danish circumnavigation.
– HMS Herald; 1845–1851; Discovered Herald Island in the Bering Straits.

**Individual Achievements in Circumnavigation:**
– King Kalākaua; 1881; first monarch to circumnavigate the globe.
– Nellie Bly; 1889–1890; one of the first female journalists to solo circumnavigate the globe in 72 days.
– Joshua Slocum; 1895–1898; first single-handed circumnavigation.
– Harry Pidgeon; 1921–1925; second single-handed circumnavigation.
– Franceso Aurelio Geraci; 1932–1935; first Italian to circumnavigate with his ship M.A.S.

**Unique Circumnavigation Feats in the 20th Century:**
– The Great White Fleet; 1907–1909; first fleet to circumnavigate the world.
– Operation Sandblast; 1960; USS Triton; first underwater circumnavigation.
– Sir Francis Chichester; 1966–1967; first single-handed circumnavigation with one port of call.
– Robin Knox-Johnston; 1968–1969; first single-handed non-stop circumnavigation.
– Guinness World Record for the longest distance sailed non-stop by any vessel.
– Solo Circumnavigations:
– Harry Pidgeon; 1932–1937; third single-handed circumnavigation, first person to circumnavigate solo twice.
– Jon Sanders; 1970–2021; completed eleven circumnavigations.
– Krystyna Chojnowska-Liskiewicz; 1976–1978; first woman to perform a single-handed circumnavigation.
– Mark Schrader; 1982; completed two solo circumnavigations.
– David Scott Cowper; 1985; first single-handed circumnavigation by motor boat.

This is a list of circumnavigations of Earth. Sections are ordered by ascending date of completion.

The Magellan–Elcano expedition was the world's first circumnavigation.
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