Ironman Triathlon

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**History and Evolution of Ironman Triathlon:**
– The idea for the original Ironman Triathlon arose in 1977.
– The first race took place in 1978 with 15 participants.
– Notable winners like Gordon Haller, Tom Warren, and Lyn Lemaire contributed to its popularity.
– Valerie Silk took over control, moving the race to the Big Island in Hawaii in 1982.
– Dr. James P. Gills acquired the Hawaii Triathlon Corporation in 1990.
– The World Triathlon Corporation was established to promote the sport.

**Ironman Triathlon Events and Qualification:**
– An Ironman consists of a swim, bike ride, and marathon.
– Time limits of 16-17 hours are common.
– The Ironman World Championship is held annually in Hawaii.
– Qualifying for the championship can be through various means.
– Hawaii Residents have unique qualifying opportunities.
– Qualifying for the Ironman is a significant achievement for triathletes.

**Ironman World Championship and Records:**
– The championship is known for its challenging course and top athletes.
– It takes place in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, on Ali’i Drive.
– Recent winners include Gustav Iden and Chelsea Sodaro.
– Records have been set in swimming, biking, and running events.
– The Ironman World Championship is the pinnacle event in the sport.

**Training Studies and Athlete Injuries:**
– Studies focus on enhancing Ironman performance and the impact of training.
– Age-related performance differences are studied.
– Injuries are common due to the intense nature of the triathlon.
– Year-round training increases the risk of injuries.
– Athletes should listen to their bodies for injury prevention.

**Ironman Series, Ownership, and Trademark:**
– Over three dozen Ironman Triathlon races are held worldwide.
– Professional and amateur athletes qualify through different systems.
– The Ironman brand is owned by the World Triathlon Corporation.
– Licensing agreements prevent brand confusion with Marvel.
– Ironman first appeared in 1963, with the first triathlon in 1978.

Ironman Triathlon (Wikipedia)

An Ironman Triathlon is one of a series of long-distance triathlon races organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC), consisting of a 2.4-mile (3.9 km) swim, a 112-mile (180.2 km) bicycle ride and a marathon 26.22-mile (42.2 km) run completed in that order, a total of 140.6 miles (226.3 km). It is widely considered one of the most difficult one-day sporting events in the world.

Ironman Triathlon
Official Logo
Ironman 70.3 Budapest, 2014.

Most Ironman events have a time limit of 16 or 17 hours to complete the race, course dependent, with the race typically starting at 7:00 am. The mandatory cut off time to complete the 2.4-mile (3.86 km) swim is 2 hours 20 minutes. The mandatory bike cut off time for when an athlete must have completed their swim, transition and bike varies generally between 10 hours and 10 hours 30 minutes from when an athlete began their swim. The mandatory run cut off varies between 16 and 17 hours from when athlete began their swim. Many races will also have intermediate bike, run, and transition cut off times specific to each race venue. Any participant who completes the triathlon within these time constraints is designated an Ironman.

The name "Ironman Triathlon" is also associated with the original Ironman triathlon that is now the Ironman World Championship. Held in Kailua-Kona, the world championship has been held annually in Hawaii since 1978 (with an additional race in 1982). Originally taking place in Oahu, the race moved to Kailua-Kona in 1981 and it continues today. The Ironman World Championship has become known for its grueling length, harsh race conditions, and television coverage.

There are other races that are the same distance as an Ironman triathlon but are not produced, owned, or licensed by the WTC. They include The Challenge Family series' Challenge Roth and the Norseman Triathlon.

The event series is owned by The Ironman Group, which is owned by Advance Publications, following the acquisition from the Wanda Sports Group in August 2020.

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