Hot air ballooning

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**History and Modern Revival**:
– The first manned hot air balloon flight was conducted by the Montgolfier brothers in 1783.
– Ed Yost pioneered modern hot air ballooning in 1960.
– Notable altitude records include Vijaypat Singhania in 2005 and Per Lindstrand in 1988.
– Memorable flights like the Pacific Flyer from Japan to Canada in 1991 and the Breitling Orbiter 3 circumnavigating the globe in 1999.

**Flight Techniques and Safety Measures**:
– Early morning departures for lighter winds and avoiding thermals.
– Preflight preparations involving weather checks and suitable take-off points.
– Flight control techniques like adjusting altitude by changing air temperature.
– Safety measures making hot air ballooning recognized as the safest air sport by FAI.

**Popular Destinations and Community Impact**:
– Balloon rides available worldwide, with over 2,300 personally owned balloons in the US.
– Approximately 495 commercial sightseeing operators exist in the US.
– Impact on tourism, local economies, and fostering camaraderie among enthusiasts.

**Challenges and Hazards**:
– Challenges in level flight, maintaining equilibrium, and landing procedures.
– Hazards like excessive speed during landing, mid-air collisions, and power line strikes.
– Winter flight limitations due to cold temperatures and methods to overcome them.

**Events and Locations**:
– Regular balloon festivals worldwide providing interaction opportunities for balloonists and entertainment for spectators.
– Notable locations for ballooning activities like Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Bristol, England.
– Other popular ballooning destinations include Gatineau-Quebec in Canada, Kapadokya in Turkey, San Diego, California, and Warstein, Germany.

Hot air ballooning (Wikipedia)

Hot air ballooning is the recreational and competitive adventure sport of flying hot air balloons. Attractive aspects of ballooning include the exceptional quiet (except when the propane burners are firing), the lack of a feeling of movement, and the bird's-eye view. Since the balloon moves with the direction of the winds, the passengers feel absolutely no wind, except for brief periods during the flight when the balloon climbs or descends into air currents of different direction or speed. Hot air ballooning has been recognized by Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) as the safest air sport in aviation, and fatalities in hot air balloon accidents are rare, according to statistics from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB).

Hot air balloon event
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