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**History of Archery:**

– Oldest evidence of bow and arrow from South African sites
– Earliest remains of bow and arrow in Europe
– Signs of bow and arrow use in Europe
– Bows replacing spear-throwers
– Presence of bows and arrows in various ancient civilizations

**Origins and Ancient Archery:**

– Oldest evidence dating back 72,000 to 60,000 years ago
– Use of arrows in Europe around 13,500 years ago
– Oldest known bows found in Denmark
– Stone-tipped arrows used as weapons around 10,000 years ago
– Various ancient civilizations fielded large numbers of archers

**Medieval Archery:**

– Medieval shortbow’s range of approximately 91m (299ft)
– Introduction of crossbow in Europe around the tenth century
– English army relied on massed archers armed with the longbow
– Longbow’s range of up to 270m (890ft)
– Significant victories at battles like Crecy and Agincourt

**Archery in Classical Civilizations:**

– Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, and other civilizations fielded large numbers of archers
– Egyptians and Nubians known for their archery skills
– Use of composite bows in warfare
– Specialized bow makers in Bronze Age Aegean Cultures
– Welsh longbow’s success at the Battle of Crecy

**Archery in Asia and the Americas:**

– Archery highly developed in Asia
– Goguryeo in Korea known for skilled archers
– Archery widespread in the Americas
– Sanskrit term for archery referred to martial arts
– Use of bows in warfare in various Asian civilizations

Archery (Wikipedia)

Archery is the sport, practice, or skill of using a bow to shoot arrows. The word comes from the Latin arcus, meaning bow. Historically, archery has been used for hunting and combat. In modern times, it is mainly a competitive sport and recreational activity. A person who practices archery is typically called an archer, bowman, or toxophilite.

Archery competition in June 1983 at Mönchengladbach, West Germany
A Rikbaktsa archer competes at Brazil's Indigenous Games
Tibetan archer, 1938
Master Heon Kim demonstrating Gungdo, traditional Korean archery (Kuk Kung), 2009
Archers in East Timor
Japanese archer
Archery in Bhutan
Archer in Benin
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