Nanga Parbat

« Back to Glossary Index

**Geographical Details and Features**:
– Nanga Parbat is the western anchor of the Himalayan Range and the westernmost eight-thousander.
– Located in the Diamer District of Gilgit–Baltistan, south of the Indus River.
– Notable features include the Rakhiot glacier, tremendous vertical relief, and faces like Rupal, Diamir, and Rakhiot.
– The mountain ranks 9th in highest mountains and 14th in most prominent peaks.
– The core ridge trends southwest-to-northeast and includes subsidiary summits like North Peak.

**Climbing History and Notable Ascents**:
– Early attempts date back to the late 19th century, with German interest in the 1930s.
– The first successful ascent was in 1953 by Hermann Buhl, who reached the summit alone without oxygen.
– Subsequent ascents include the first traverse by the Messner brothers in 1970 and Reinhold Messner’s solo ascent in 1978.
– Winter climbing achievements include the first winter ascent in 2016 and the second in 2018, marking significant milestones in mountaineering history.
– Notable events include successful rescues, tragic deaths, and various expeditions attempting different routes.

**Expeditions and Climbing Attempts**:
– Numerous expeditions have been mounted on Nanga Parbat, with climbers reaching different heights on various routes.
– Notable expeditions include the Polish, French, Italian, British, and Hungarian-American teams attempting different faces and routes.
– Winter ascent attempts have been made by various international teams, facing severe challenges due to harsh conditions.
– Recent expeditions have aimed to conquer Nanga Parbat in winter, with some teams facing difficulties and tragedies.

**Literature, Film, and Pop Culture References**:
– Nanga Parbat has been referenced in literature, films, and music, showcasing its grandeur and significance.
– Various books and publications discuss the mountain’s history, expeditions, and challenges faced by climbers.
– Films like ‘Nanga Parbat 1953’ and ‘The Climb’ depict historical expeditions, while songs and TV series also reference the mountain.
– The mountain’s presence in popular culture highlights its allure and impact on various artistic mediums.

**Recent Climbing Events and Technological Advances**:
– Recent events on Nanga Parbat have highlighted the dangers and allure of climbing the mountain.
– Climbers have faced difficulties and tragedies on recent expeditions, showcasing the challenges of conquering the peak.
– Advances in climbing technology and techniques have impacted Nanga Parbat expeditions, aiding climbers in their conquest of the mountain.
– Climbers have made significant progress in winter ascents, pushing the boundaries of mountaineering and showcasing the evolving nature of climbing on Nanga Parbat.

Nanga Parbat (Wikipedia)

Nanga Parbat (Urdu: نانگا پربت) (Urdu: [nəŋɡa pərbət̪]; lit.'naked mountain'), known locally as Diamer (Shina: دیآمر, lit.'King of the Mountains'), is the ninth-highest mountain on Earth and its summit is at 8,126 m (26,660 ft) above sea level. Lying immediately southeast of the northernmost bend of the Indus River in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan-administered Kashmir, Nanga Parbat is the westernmost major peak of the Himalayas, and thus in the traditional view of the Himalayas as bounded by the Indus and Yarlung Tsangpo/Brahmaputra rivers, it is the western anchor of the entire mountain range.

Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat, view from Fairy Meadows
Highest point
Elevation8,126 m (26,660 ft)
Ranked 9th
Prominence4,608 m (15,118 ft)
Ranked 14th
Coordinates35°14′15″N 74°35′21″E / 35.23750°N 74.58917°E / 35.23750; 74.58917
Native nameنانگا پربت (Urdu)
Nanga Parbat is located in Gilgit Baltistan
Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat
Location of Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat is located in Pakistan
Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat
Nanga Parbat (Pakistan)
LocationGilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan
Parent rangeHimalayas
First ascent3 July 1953 by Hermann Buhl on 1953 German–Austrian Nanga Parbat expedition
First winter ascent: 16 February 2016 by Simone Moro, Alex Txicon and Ali Sadpara
Easiest routeWestern Diamer District

Nanga Parbat is one of the 14 eight-thousanders. An immense, dramatic peak rising far above its surrounding terrain, it has the second-highest prominence among the 100 tallest mountains on Earth only behind Mount Everest. Nanga Parbat is notorious for being an extremely difficult climb, and has earned the nickname Killer Mountain for its high number of climber fatalities and pushing climbers to the test of their limits.

« Back to Glossary Index