Human migration

« Back to Glossary Index

– Causes of Human Migration:
– Economic opportunities
– Political instability
– Environmental factors
– Social reasons
– Conflict and war

– Types of Human Migration:
– Internal migration
– International migration
– Forced migration
– Voluntary migration
– Seasonal migration

– Impacts of Human Migration:
– Economic effects
– Social changes
– Cultural influences
– Demographic shifts
– Environmental consequences

– Challenges Faced by Migrants:
– Legal barriers
– Language barriers
– Discrimination
– Acculturation challenges
– Lack of social support

– Responses to Human Migration:
– Government policies
– International cooperation
– Humanitarian aid
– Integration programs
– Advocacy and awareness efforts

Human migration (Wikipedia)

Human migration is the movement of people from one place to another with intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily, at a new location (geographic region).

Venezuelan migrants being processed in Ecuador in 2018
Migrants and the monitoring Slovenian army at the border of Gornja Radgona, Styria, Slovenia, in 2015

The movement often occurs over long distances and from one country to another (external migration), but internal migration (within a single country) is the dominant form of human migration globally.

Migration is often associated with better human capital at both individual and household level, and with better access to migration networks, facilitating a possible second move. It has a high potential to improve human development, and some studies confirm that migration is the most direct route out of poverty.

Age is also important for both work and non-work migration.

People may migrate as individuals, in family units or in large groups. There are four major forms of migration: invasion, conquest, colonization and emigration/immigration.

People moving from their home due to forced displacement (such as a natural disaster or civil disturbance) may be described as displaced persons or, if remaining in the home country, internally-displaced persons.

People who flee to a different country due to political, religious, or other types of persecution in their home country can formally request shelter in the host country. These people are commonly referred to as an asylum seekers. If the application is approved, their legal classification changes to that of refugees.

« Back to Glossary Index