Fighter aircraft

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**1. Fighter Aircraft History and Evolution:**
– Fighters evolved from biplanes to all-metal monoplanes in World War I.
– Turbojet engines replaced piston engines post-World War II.
– Radar integration in the 1950s improved target acquisition.
– Air-to-air missiles replaced guns in the 1960s.
– Terms like scout and pursuit aircraft were used historically.
– The role of air superiority is crucial in conventional warfare.

**2. Fighter Aircraft Classification and Roles:**
– Types include interceptor, air superiority, and fighter-bomber.
– Dual-role fighters combine air-to-air and air-to-ground capabilities.
– Some fighters have specialized roles like reconnaissance or ground attack.
– Interceptors are designed for fast reaction and engaging enemy aircraft.
– Strategic fighters act as escort fighters protecting bombers.

**3. Fighter Aircraft Performance Features:**
– Prioritize firepower, speed, and maneuverability.
– Air superiority is crucial for tactical and strategic bombing.
– Pilot skill, tactical doctrine, and fighter performance impact success.
– Modern fighters often have secondary roles like ground attack.
– Variants like interceptors and night fighters fulfill specialized roles.

**4. Fighter Aircraft Technological Advancements:**
– Stealth technologies reduce radar reflectivity.
– Computers enhance defensive systems efficiency.
– Composite structures and materials reduce weight.
– Turbofans replaced turbojets in the 1970s for fuel efficiency.
– Radar, ejection seats, and G-suits improved pilot safety and performance.

**5. Fighter Aircraft Market and Industry:**
– Global combat aircraft market worth $45.75 billion in 2017.
– Projected market value of $47.2 billion by 2026.
– Lockheed Martin F-35 dominates modernization and purchases.
– Defense budgets allocate a significant portion to fighter fleets.
– Technological superiority and fighter quantity are key priorities for armed forces.

Fighter aircraft (Wikipedia)

Fighter aircraft (early on also pursuit aircraft) are military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat. In military conflict, the role of fighter aircraft is to establish air superiority of the battlespace. Domination of the airspace above a battlefield permits bombers and attack aircraft to engage in tactical and strategic bombing of enemy targets.

An F-16 Fighting Falcon (left), P-51D Mustang (bottom), F-86 Sabre (top), and F-22 Raptor (right) fly in a formation representing four generations of American fighters.

The key performance features of a fighter include not only its firepower but also its high speed and maneuverability relative to the target aircraft. The success or failure of a combatant's efforts to gain air superiority hinges on several factors including the skill of its pilots, the tactical soundness of its doctrine for deploying its fighters, and the numbers and performance of those fighters.

Many modern fighter aircraft also have secondary capabilities such as ground attack and some types, such as fighter-bombers, are designed from the outset for dual roles. Other fighter designs are highly specialized while still filling the main air superiority role, and these include the interceptor, heavy fighter, and night fighter.

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