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Military Organization and Personnel:
– Military organization is structured with a command hierarchy based on ranks.
– Ranks include officers, non-commissioned officers, and personnel at the lowest rank.
– Personnel are categorized into combat, combat support, and combat service support roles.
– Recruitment methods vary, with most personnel being males.
– Enlisted personnel often come from socio-economically deprived backgrounds.

Military Equipment and Technology:
– Military forces are authorized and maintained by sovereign states.
– Branches like army, navy, air force, marines, and coast guard constitute the military.
– The primary task of the military is defense against external armed threats.
– Military equipment and technology have evolved alongside human history.
– Post-World War II saw an arms race leading to modern military equipment like tanks, aircraft, and guided missiles.

Military Strategy and Tactics:
– Military strategy, as defined by Carl von Clausewitz, is the employment of battles to achieve the end of war.
– Strategy links a series of acts leading to final decisions, with political aims placed above military goals.
– Military tactics include ambushes, encirclements, bombardments, and air assaults.
– Evolution of tactics is influenced by technological advancements and changing warfare landscapes.
– The relationship between military strategy and tactics governs the conduct of warfare.

Military Impact on Society:
– The military has a significant impact on society, historically used by heads of societies.
– In democracies, the military is considered a public force.
– The relationship between the military and society is complex and evolving.
– Transparency in military operations is crucial to combat corruption.
– Militaries function as societies within larger societies, with their own subcultures and norms.

Military Intelligence and Training:
– Military intelligence involves identifying threats faced by the military, assessing potential aggressors’ capabilities, and obtaining critical information.
– Initial training prepares recruits for the demands of military life through physical and psychological resocialization.
– Daily routines are tightly controlled to instill discipline among recruits.
– Intelligence operatives work clandestinely to gather essential information for military operations.
– Military law introduces offenses and penalties, restricting certain rights and offering conscientious objection rights for personnel.

Military (Wikipedia)

A military, also known collectively as an armed forces, are a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. Militaries are typically authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with their members identifiable by a distinct military uniform. They may consist of one or more military branches such as an army, navy, air force, space force, marines, or coast guard. The main task of a military is usually defined as defence of their state and its interests against external armed threats.

NATO military ceremony in Pabrade, Lithuania, November 2014

In broad usage, the terms "armed forces" and "military" are often synonymous, although in technical usage a distinction is sometimes made in which a country's armed forces may include other paramilitary forces such as armed police.

Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

A nation's military may function as a discrete social subculture, with dedicated infrastructure such as military housing, schools, utilities, logistics, hospitals, legal services, food production, finance, and banking services. Beyond warfare, the military may be employed in additional sanctioned and non-sanctioned functions within the state, including internal security threats, crowd control, promotion of political agendas, emergency services and reconstruction, protecting corporate economic interests, social ceremonies, and national honour guards.

The profession of soldiering is older than recorded history. Some images of classical antiquity portray the power and feats of military leaders. The Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC from the reign of Ramses II, features in bas-relief monuments. The first Emperor of a unified China, Qin Shi Huang, created the Terracotta Army to represent his military might. The Ancient Romans wrote many treatises and writings on warfare, as well as many decorated triumphal arches and victory columns.

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