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**Historical Development of Ferries**:
– The ferryman profession in Greek mythology by Charon.
– Speculation about oxen powering a ship in 4th-century Roman literature.
– Introduction of innovative ferries like the Leviathan in 1850 and the Suhulet in 1871.
– Evolution of ferry services from ancient times to modern innovations.

**Global Ferry Services**:
– Notable ferry services in Hong Kong, Malaysia, the Philippines, India, and Japan.
– Overview of ferry operations in Russia, Europe, Turkey, Sweden, North America, Mexico, and Oceania.
– Data on international ferry ports like Helsinki and Dover.
– Specific ferry routes and services in different regions across the world.

**Types and Specialized Ferries**:
– Description of various ferry types including double-ended, hydrofoils, hovercrafts, catamarans, and roll-on/roll-off ferries.
– Specialized ferries like cruiseferry, Fast RoPax ferries, and turntable ferries.
– Details on pontoon ferries, train ferries, foot ferries, cable ferries, and air ferries.
– Importance of docking facilities for efficient boarding and disembarking.

**Records and Milestones in Ferry Industry**:
– Notable records held by European ferries in gross tonnage.
– Oldest continuous ferry operation by Mersey Ferry in England.
– Introduction of the first steam-powered ferry, the Juliana, in 1811.
– Mention of iconic ferry networks in locations like Stockholm and Istanbul.

**Environmental Impact and Sustainability of Ferry Travel**:
– Varied impact of ferry travel on climate change.
– Emissions data per passenger-kilometer for different types of ferries.
– Examples of notable CO2 emissions from specific ferries.
– Call for increased scrutiny on the sustainability of ferry transport in light of climate concerns.

Ferry (Wikipedia)

A ferry is a watercraft that carries passengers, and sometimes vehicles and cargo, across a body of water. A small passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, Italy, is sometimes called a water taxi or water bus.

Ferries form a part of the public transport systems of many waterside cities and islands, allowing direct transit between points at a capital cost much lower than bridges or tunnels. Ship connections of much larger distances (such as over long distances in water bodies like the Mediterranean Sea) may also be called ferry services, and many carry vehicles.

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