Bullock cart

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– **History**:
– First indications of wagon use date back to around 4400 BC
– Oldest wooden wheels for transport found in southern Russia dated to 3325 ± 125 BC
– Evidence of wheeled vehicles from mid 4th millennium BC
– Earliest vehicles may have been ox carts
– Indian people used Bullock carts in the 19th century

– **Australia**:
– Bullock carts in Australia had four wheels
– Drays were pulled by bullock teams
– Bullocky was the driver of a bullock team
– Bullock teams transported produce from rural areas to towns and ports
– Journeys in Australia covered large distances and could take days or weeks

– **Costa Rica**:
– Ox carts (carretas) were vital in daily life and commerce in Costa Rica
– Developed a unique construction and decoration tradition
– Traditional ox cart declared National Symbol of Work in 1988
– Included in UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in 2005
– Ox cart parades are essential in Costa Rican celebrations

– **Indonesia**:
– Bullock carts used for transporting goods and people in rural Indonesia
– Horsecars more common than bullock carts
– Bullock cart driver known as “bajingan” in Indonesian
– Ox cart with “bajingan” seen at Prambanan Temple Festival

– **Malaysia**:
– Bullock carts widely used before automobiles in Malaysia
– Still used today, especially for tourists
– Passenger carts equipped with awnings for sun and rain protection
– Passenger carts often gaily decorated
– Historical pictures of bullock carts in Malaysia available

– **North Korea**:
– Bullock carts (dalguji) extensively used in North Korea due to fuel shortages
– Last country where bullock carts are used for everyday transportation
– Used in agriculture and military purposes
– Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ox-drawn carts
– “Bullocky” is the Australian term for the driver of a bullock team

Bullock cart (Wikipedia)

A bullock cart or ox cart (sometimes called a bullock carriage when carrying people in particular) is a two-wheeled or four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen. It is a means of transportation used since ancient times in many parts of the world. They are still used today where modern vehicles are too expensive or the infrastructure favor them.

A bullock cart in Punjab, India

Used especially for carrying goods, the bullock cart is pulled by one or several oxen. The cart is attached to an ox team by a special chain attached to yokes, but a rope may also be used for one or two animals. The driver and any other passengers sit on the front of the cart, while load is placed in the back. Traditionally, the cargo was usually agrarian goods and lumber.

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