1928 Great Barrier Reef expedition

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– Origins:
– The Great Barrier Reef Expedition was suggested by Sir Matthew Nathan and Professor Henry Richards.
– Led by the Australian Great Barrier Reef Committee from its establishment in 1922.
– Supported by the British Barrier Reef Committee and the Association for the Advancement of Science in England.
– Aimed to conduct zoological studies of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef based on theories by Charles Darwin.
– Planned to determine the economic importance of the reef’s marine life.

– Personnel:
– C. Maurice Yonge led the expedition to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef in 1927.
– Twelve scientists, including marine invertebrate researcher Yonge, his wife Dr. Mattie Yonge, Frederick Russell, Dr. Andrew Orr, and Dr. Sheina Marshall, joined the expedition.
– Other members included James Steers, Michael Spender, E.C. Marchant, G.W. Otter, Aubrey Nicholls, and Frank Moorhouse.
– Female researchers Sidnie Manton and Elizabeth Fraser also participated.
– The Australian Museum sent Tom Iredale, Gilbert Whitley, William Boardman, Arthur Livingstone, and Frank McNeill to assist in the research.

– Outcomes of the expedition:
– Scientific discoveries were well reported in the press during 1928–1929.
– Journalist Charles Barrett visited Low Isles and published articles that later became a book.
– The expedition published seven volumes of scientific material and articles in scholarly journals.
– Maurice Yonge’s book “A Year on the Great Barrier Reef” was aimed at a general audience.
– The expedition’s research into coral physiology remains vital reference material.

– Subsequent expeditions:
– In 1968, a Belgian expedition to the reef was conducted.
– A Royal Society and Universities of Queensland Expedition took place in 1973.
– These expeditions aimed to further study different regions of the Great Barrier Reef.

– References:
– Various sources such as newspapers, books, and journals documented the 1928 Great Barrier Reef expedition.
– Publications like “The Great Barrier Reef History, Science, Heritage” by James and Margarita Bowen provide insights into the expedition.
– Scholarly articles like “The Queensland Coast and the Great Barrier Reefs” by J. A. Steers offer detailed information on the expedition’s findings.

1928 Great Barrier Reef expedition, also known as the Yonge Expedition or the Low Isles Expedition was a thirteen-month scientific program beginning in 1928, which was promoted to study the Australian Great Barrier Reef.

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